working within. Thoreau never advocated the indiscriminate breaking of laws; civil disobedience applies only in cases of fundamental moral principle. American civil rights leader. Thoreau delivered the first draft of the treatise as an oration to the Concord Lyceum in 1848, and the text was published in 1849 under the title. King and his followers repeatedly did. When the Mexican War broke out in 1846, he protested against it as an aggressive war of conquest aimed in part at adding new slave territories to the United States, and for this reason as well, he refused to pay the tax. Later, it lent force to the American Civil Rights Movement. So long as the American government upheld slavery, Thoreau said, one cannot without disgrace be associated with. He does not, however, argue for violent revolution; he advocates nonviolent resistance. During the Vietnam War, an increasingly large number of people protested that the war was unjust, and many of draft age refused to serve in the armed forces and went to prison or into exile rather than be forced to kill or be killed. Our vowed responsibility is in this: That however pitilessly that law may operate, we nevertheless adhere to it and administer. He practiced civil disobedience in his own life and spent a night in jail for his refusal to pay taxes in protest of the Mexican War.
SparkNotes: Civil Disobedience: Summary
Thoreau begin s his essay by arguing that government rarely proves itself useful and that.
By: Henry David Thoreau.
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It criticizes American social institutions and policies, most prominently slavery and the Mexican-American War. Martin Luther King,., patterned nonviolent resistance after Gandhi. For that law and the rigour of it, we are not responsible. He contends that people's first obligation is to do what they believe is right and not to follow full history of kyoto research paper the law dictated by the majority. As an abolitionist, he had objected to the Massachusetts poll tax and refused to pay it as a protest against slavery. Get ready to write your paper. The Christian martyrs who refused to deny their God and worship Caligula, Nero, or some other depraved Roman emperor were practicing civil disobedience. Thoreau doubts the effectiveness of reform within the government, and he argues that voting and petitioning for change achieves little. Similarly, opponents of abortion rights have argued that a higher law requires them to break laws that prohibit them from harassing those who sanction abortion rights. This doctrine has always been repellent to authoritarians of the far Right and Left, who tolerate no dissent and have had protesters beaten, imprisoned, and even killed. Thus the debate continues; through it all, Thoreaus essay remains one of the most potent and influential ever written). Civil disobedience is at least as old as Socrates, who preferred to die rather than yield to an order to stop asking questions that embarrassed the authorities, to whom he said, I shall obey God, rather than you.
SparkNotes: Civil Disobedience: Section One
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