fruits after 45 days of storage. Fruits are spoiled primarily by fungi due to their low pH which in addition to causing rot, may also contaminate the fruits by producing mycotoxins 1,. Respectively confirming high sensitivity of Rhizopus spp to rosemary extract. However sage essential oil showed no effect against all tested fungi (data not shown).
Screening methods for natural products with antimicrobial activity: A review of the literature. Where significant difference between means was verified based on anova, the comparison of means of different treatments was performed using Tukeys test.05. (MIC:.8 mg/ml ger (MIC: 1 mg/ml) and Penicillium spp. However, tomato is a very perishable vegetable with a short shelf-life and high susceptibility to fungal disease during prolonged storage. Tripathi P, Dubey NK,Shukla AK (2008) Use of some essential oils as postharvest botanical fungicides in the management of grey mould of grapes caused by Botrytis cinerea.
The percentage of infected fruits was recorded when about 50 of control fruits had decayed. J Med Food 6: 267-270. Antifungal activity of essential oils Antifungal activity of essential oil, was determined by using the solid medium diffusion procedure. The results revealed that the antifungal activity greatly varied depending on plant and fungus species. Rosemary has a long list of claims pertaining to its medicinal usage including antibacterial 16 and antioxidant properties. Figure 1: *Effects of rosemary extract on naturally infected development on tomato fruits stored at either 25C (blue column) (for 12 days) or at 5C (red column ) (for 4 weeks). Conner DE, Beuchat LR (1984) Effects of essential oils from plants on growth of food spoilage yeasts. The resistance of lani to plant extract has been reported by researchers 24 and controlling plant diseases caused by Alternaria spp can be difficult because it spread so readily. The control sets were prepared similarly using equal amounts of sterilized water in place of the essential oil. AkhtarKP, MatinM, MirzaJH, ShakirAS, RafiqueM (1994) Some studies on the post-harvest diseases of tomato fruits and their chemical kistan J Phytopathology 6: 125-129.